During annual flu epidemics, up to 30% of children contract infection. Children under 5 years of age account for the
majority of cases, which is due to the formation of specific antiviral immunity at this age.
With influenza pneumonia, pulmonary edema develops rapidly, followed by heart failure and complications from the
kidneys and nervous system. The most common cause of lethal outcomes in severe influenza is neurotoxemia
(impaired consciousness up to and including coma associated with circulatory disorders). Children with chronic
diseases are at double risk - from flu complications, and from an exacerbation of the underlying disease almost
always entailed by flu.
In children with asthma and chronic lung disease, influenza leads to aggravation of the disease, bouts of breathing
difficulties, and is complicated by pneumonia. Influenza in children with neurological pathology is accompanied by
severe respiratory distress, often with a fatal outcome. In patients with heart disease, it leads to heart failure.
Influenza causes exacerbations of diabetes, cystic fibrosis and many other already serious diseases.
To keep your child safe from the flu and such severe consequences, it is important one realize that the only
effective way to protect a 6+ months’ old child against flu is to get him/ her vaccinated. Vaccination is a
priority method of influenza prevention not only in Russia, but also in the health systems of Europe and the
The only conditions that must be taken into account when planning the vaccination are that the child does not have
an acute infectious disease and is allergic to chicken protein, as the influenza vaccine is produced using chicken
embryos and traces of these proteins may be present in the vaccine.
A huge number of studies, both at home and abroad, have proven the safety of flu vaccination. A comparison of groups
of healthy children and children with different diseases showed that their post-vaccination period was equally
favorable. In some cases, there may be a rise in body temperature on the day of vaccination, and malaise. Reactions
such as redness, swelling, and soreness at the injection site are rare and go away quickly.
As part of the National Preventive Vaccination Calendar, a vaccine with a reduced number of antigens is supplied for
vaccination of children and pregnant women, which reduces the burden on the body and increases the safety of the
vaccination. Importantly, the vaccine contains no preservatives or antibiotics and is released in individual syringe
dose with an atraumatic needle. The protective effect after influenza vaccination occurs on average 2 weeks after
the procedure and lasts for a year.